Evaluating marine sport fisheries in the USA
Since 1979, the United States has been collecting data on marine recreational
angling with the Marine Recreational Fishery Statistics Survey (MRFSS).
This survey is designed to produce estimates of fishing catch, effort,
and participation, as well as related demographic and socio-economic variables.
The MRFSS consists of two independent but complementary surveys conducted
annually in six two-month ‘waves’, all across the United States.
The first part consists of an intercept survey of anglers conducted at
fishing access sites. The intercept survey is designed to obtain a random
sample of recreational trips for computing catch per unit effort. This
sample is stratified by state, wave, mode, fishing area, catch type, and
species. During the intercept interview, measuring and weighing available
catch collects biological data. Disposition of catch not retained is also
solicited to characterize release behaviour. The second survey component
is a telephone survey of randomly contacted households in all coastal
counties. This phase is used to estimate fishing effort, measured in trips,
for residents of coastal counties. Overall effort, 22,518,000 trips for
the Northeast states in 1994 and 36,966,000 trips for the Southeast states
in 1997, is found by expanding the coastal effort based on a ratio obtained
from the intercept survey. Combining data from the two survey components
produces total catch and participation estimates.
To enable the estimation of travel cost models of recreational demand,
the base MRFSS survey has been amended to include necessary data elements.
Additionally, data rae collected that will enable the estimation of economic
impact models. In this chapter, the economic surveying strategy of the
United States for marine recreational angling is presented. The discussion
will focus on the key data elements we have identified for both valuation
and economic impact modeling. Once the data collection strategy has been
described, two regional applications of a random utility model of recreation
demand are detailed. The same general random utility model was applied
to data collected in the Northeast and Southeast United States to value
access to marine angling and to develop a marginal value of catch.
Gentner, B. and A. Lowther. 2002. "Evaluating marine sport
fisheries in the USA." In: Recreational Fisheries: Ecological,
and Economic, and Social Evaluation, T.J. Pitcher and C.E.
Hollingsworth, eds. Blackwell Science, Oxford. Pp. 186-206.
For more information, please contact: Sabrina Lovell