APAIS: Access-Point Angler Intercept Survey
Avidity: The frequency of fishing activity, measured as number of days
on which fishing trips were made.
- Type A Fish that were
caught, were landed whole, and were available for identification and
enumeration by the interviewers. In addition, the fish were potentially
available for weighing and measuring.
- Type B Fish that were
caught but were either not kept or not available for identification.
- Type B1. Fish that were
caught and filleted, released dead, given away, or disposed of in some way
other than Types A or B2.
- Type B2. Fish that were
caught and released alive.
- The total catch The
number of fish caught but not necessarily brought ashore, may be obtained by
summing catch types A and B or by summing catch types A, B1, and B2.
- The total number of fish
removed from the fishery resource may be obtained by summing catch types A
CHTS: Coastal Household Telephone Survey
Coastal counties: All
counties in the coastal states of the United States with some portion within 25
miles of the coastline were included in the telephone household survey. This
boundary was extended to 50 miles in the South Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico from
May through October. The boundary was extended further in North Carolina to 50
miles November through April and 100 miles May through October.
Coastal resident: An angler who lived in a coastal county included in
the telephone household survey.
Coastal state: A state bordering on the Atlantic or Pacific Ocean, the
Gulf of Mexico or the Caribbean Sea. State also includes a Territory or Commonwealth.
EEZ (U.S. Exclusive Economic Zone): The MFCMA defines this zone as contiguous
to the Territorial Sea of all the United States and its possessions and extending
seaward 200 nautical miles measured from the baseline from which the Territorial
Sea is measured.
FHS: For-Hire Survey, For-Hire [Telephone] Survey
Fishery Management Plan (FMP): A plan developed by a Regional Fishery
Management Council and the Secretary of the Department of Commerce to manage
a fishery resource pursuant to the Magnuson Fishery Conservation and Management
Act of 1976.
Fishing access site: Fishing access site refers to the name and location
of the place where anglers were intercepted. Each intercept site was given a
unique name and code number. The fishing access site did not define the mode
of fishing since anglers may have used more than one mode at any given site.
Fishing trip: Fishing during part or all of 1 day in one mode. An angler
who fished from both a pier and a beach on the same day made one fishing trip
since the pier and the beach are both in the shore mode. However, an angler
who fished from a head boat in the morning and from a pier in the afternoon
is counted as having made two fishing trips--a head boat trip and a shore trip.
Hours fished: The amount of time an angler actively fished in a mode
with fishing gear in the water. If an angler spent time fishing at other sites
on the same day, that time was also included provided the fishing was done in
the same mode. Not included was the travel time in a boat or travel time between
Household: A household consisted of all persons who occupied a housing
unit. The unit must have been intended for year-round use, not seasonal or migratory
Intercept survey or creel census: Interviewing anglers and examining
their catch upon completion of their fishing trip, or under certain circumstances,
while they were still fishing.
Length and weight of fish:
- Length and weight
measurements were obtained from a sample of fish brought ashore in whole
form by intercepted anglers.
- If more than 10 fish of the
same species were brought ashore in whole form, 10 fish were randomly
selected to be weighed and measured.
- If 10 or less fish of the
same species were brought ashore in whole form, each fish was weighed and
- For fish with a forked tail,
fork length was measured from the tip of the longest jaw or the snout,
whichever was terminal with the mouth closed, to the center of the fork.
- For fish with a non-forked
tail, total length was measured from the tip of the longest jaw or the
snout, whichever was terminal with the mouth closed, to the tip of the
caudal lobe or fin.
- Weight was measured to the
nearest tenth of a kilogram (1 kilogram is approximately 2.2 pounds). Length
was measured to the nearest millimeter (1 millimeter is approximately 0.039
LPS: Large Pelagics Survey
Marine recreational anglers:
Those people who fished in marine waters primarily for recreational purposes.
Their catch was primarily for home consumption, although occasionally a part or
all of their catch may have been sold and entered commercial channels.
Specifically for this survey, marine recreational anglers were defined as
Marine recreational fishing:
Fishing primarily with hook and line for pleasure, amusement, relaxation, or
home consumption. If part or all of the catch was sold, the monetary returns
constituted an insignificant part of the person's income.
- In the telephone household
survey, an angler was anyone who had been marine recreational fishing in the
12 months prior to telephone household contact,
- and an eligible angler was
anyone who had been marine recreational fishing 2 months prior to the
telephone household contact.
- In the intercept survey an
eligible angler was anyone just completing a finfishing trip, or in certain
cases, someone who was still fishing.
MRFSS: Marine Recreational Fisheries Statistics Surveys
MRIP: Marine Recreational Information Program http://www.countmyfish.noaa.gov/index.html
Mode of fishing: The type of place or platform from which marine recreational
fishing occurred. There are three modes:
Head or charter boat
- pier, dock. A structure
built over the water and supported by pillars.jetty.
- A kind of wall, usually
made of rocks, built out into the water or parallel to the shore to
restrain currents or protect a harbor.
- breakwater. An off-shore
structure used to protect a harbor or breach from the forces of waves.
- breachway. A connecting
- bridge. A structure
carrying a pathway or roadway over a body of water.
- causeway. An elevated or
raised way across wet ground or water.
- beach. A level stretch of
pebbles or sand beside a body of water, often washed by high water.
- bank. A stretch of rising
land at the edge of a body of water not washed by high water, which could
be rocks or an overhanging cliff.
Private or rental boat
- Head boat. A boat on which
fishing space and privileges are provided for a fee. The vessel is
operated by a licensed captain and crew. In some parts of the country head
boats are called head boats or open boats.
- charter boat. A boat
operating under charter for a price, time, etc. It is operated by a
licensed captain and crew and the participants are part of a pre-formed
group of anglers. Thus, charters are usually closed parties, as opposed to
the open status of head boats.
- Note: Both head and charter
boats may make all-day or half-day trips.
Non-coastal resident: An
angler who lived in a particular county of a coastal state which was not
included in the telephone household survey.
- A boat belonging to an
- rental boat. A boat that is
rented. No crew is provided; the boat is operated by the renter.
Out-of-state resident: An angler who lived in a state other than the
coastal state in which he fished.
Primary area fished:
State of fishing access:
(State of intercept) The state in which the fishing or intercept site was
located. For boat fishing, it was the state from which the boat departed the
shoreline for fishing.
- Ocean For the purposes
of the survey, ocean is divided into two categories:
- the ocean 3 miles or less
from shore (Territorial Sea) and
- the ocean more than 3 miles
from shore (Exclusive Economic Zone).
- However, the boundary for
state and federal jurisdiction on the Gulf of Mexico coast of Florida is 3
marine leagues, or 10 miles, from shore.
- Not included are sounds,
inlets, rivers, bays, etc.
- Other bodies of saltwater
besides the oceans.
- Included were sounds,
inlets, tidal portions of rivers, bay, estuaries and other areas of salt
or brackish water.
State of residence: The state in which the angler lived and maintained
his permanent residence.
U.S. Territorial Sea: A zone extending 3 nautical miles from shore for
all states except the Gulf coast of Florida where the seaward boundary is 3
marine leagues (approximately 10 statute miles).
Wave: A wave is one of the following 2-month intervals:
- January/February (Wave 1),
- March/April (Wave 2),
- May/June (Wave 3),
- July/August (Wave 4),
- September/October (Wave 5), or
- November/December (Wave 6)
For the Query Glossary click here.