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The SCAR SO-CPR Survey was established in 1991 to map the spatial-temporal patterns of zooplankton biodiversity, then to use the sensitivity of plankton to environmental change as early warning indicators of the health of the Southern Ocean. CPRs are towed from research, supply, fishing vessels which usually also collect underway environmental data such as SST, salinity, fluorometry, light, other meteorological parameters. Sixteen ships from ten countries have participated to date providing a near circum-Antarctic Survey. Most tows are conducted in the region south of Africa eastward to the Ross Sea. All zooplankton in five NM equivalent sections are identified to the lowest possible taxa, usually species and counted. Antarctic krill and other euphausiids are identified to developmental stage. Counts are combined with averaged environmental data for each 5 NM. Approximately 250,000 NM have been sampled representing ~50,000 samples for about 250 zooplankton taxa. The dataset is a SCAR Business Product.
These data were sourced from the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) sponsored Southern Ocean CPR (SO-CPR) Survey Database, hosted by the Australian Antarctic Data Centre (AADC). The AADC is part of the Australian Antarctic Division (AAD, a division of the Department of the Environment). The SO-CPR Survey and database are also funded, supported and populated by the Australian Government through the Department of the Environment-AAD approved AAS projects 472 and 4107, Australian Integrated Marine Observing System (IMOS), the Japanese National Institute of Polar Research (NIPR), the New Zealand National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA), the German Alfred Wegener Institute (AWI), the United States of America - Antarctic Marine Living Resources programme (NOAA US-AMLR), the Russian Arctic and Antarctic Research Institute (AARI), the Brazilian Programa Antartico Brasileiro (PROANTAR), the Chilean Instituto Antartico Chileno (INACH), the South African Departmental of Environmental Affairs (DEA) and the French Institut polaire francais - Paul-Emile Victor (IPEV) and Universite Pierre-et-Marie-Curie (UPMC).
Hosie, G. (1999, updated 2015) Southern Ocean Continuous Zooplankton Records. Australian Antarctic Data Centre - doi:doi:10.4225/15/5670EF76388E1
Hosie, G.W., Fukuchi, M. and Kawaguchi, S. (2003) Development of the Southern Ocean Continuous Plankton Recorder Survey. Progress in Oceanography 58 (2-4), 263-283
McLeod, DJ, Hosie, GW, Kitchener, JA, Takahashi, KT, Hunt, BPV (2010) Zooplankton Atlas of the Southern Ocean: The Southern Ocean Continuous Plankton Recorder Survey (1991-2008) Polar Science 4 (2), 353-385 10.1016/j.polar.2010.03.004