Ocean Exploration and Science
Broad, William J. 1997. The Universe Below: Discovering
the Secrets of the Deep Sea. New York: Touchstone.
Broad tells the stories of ocean exploration starting with
the central role of the Navy and US Intelligence agencies,
shifting then to the black smokers, the Titanic, searching
for sunken gold, the Monterrey canyon, radioactive waste
disposal, the ATOC experiment, and more. The Universe Below
shows how, with the advancement of technology, comes the
discovery of new oceanographic knowledge.
Earle, Sylvia. 1996. Sea Change: A Message of the
Oceans. Fawcett Books. Earle is a well-known
marine biologist and advocate for the marine environment.
In Sea Change she relays her experiences as one of the
few women in the field of marine science and of conducting
undersea research, having spent 6,000 hours underwater
over the last three decades. She describes the advances
of marine science and human impacts to the marine environment.
Sea Change will be of interest to those interested in
marine biology, ocean exploration, and marine conservation
Earle’s personal perspective, rather than from
Field, J.G, G. Hempel, and C.P. Summerhayes. 2002. Oceans
2020: Science, Trends, and the Challenge of Sustainability. Island
Press. This book presents a comprehensive assessment of
the most important scientific and societal issues that
are likely to arise in marine science and ocean management
in the next twenty years. In it, the world's leading ocean
scientists and researchers analyze the state of marine
science and technology and identify key scientific issues
for sustainable development. Specific topics include: climate
change, the coastal zone ecosystem, fisheries, science
for offshore industries, marine information for shipping
and defense, oceanographic instrumentation and technology,
and future trends.
Hamilton-Paterson, James. 1998. Three Miles Down:
A Hunt for Sunken Treasure. New York: The
Lyons Press. Three Miles Down is a chronicle of a voyage
on a Russian oceanographic ship seeking to salvage gold
from sunken ships. Hamilton-Paterson explores the mix of
science, commerce and treasure hunting, and the technologies
and specialists who probe the deep sea. He provides a rousing
tale of deception, greed, human arrogance, and courage
as the international crew combs the ocean's depths, seeking
fortune resting on the ocean floor.
Kunzig, Robert. 1999. The Restless Sea: Exploring
the World Beneath the Waves. New York: W.
W. Norton and Company. The Restless Sea is a compilation
of stories about ocean scientists, the important scientific
questions they raise, and how they go about searching for
answers. Topics include ocean mapping, plate tectonics,
deep-sea biology, rift zones, plankton, currents, and more.
Kunzig gives detailed explanations of scientific questions,
drawing parallels to events and processes familiar to the
**Special thanks to Marc Hershman, Professor at the
University of Washington’s School of Marine Affairs
for sharing a reading list from the SMA 500 course, from
which many of these books and summaries were drawn.
July 3, 2007
| | © 2004