Marine Resource Policy and Management
Acheson, James M. 2003. Capturing the Commons:
Devising Institutions to Manage the Maine Lobster Industry. Hanover:
University of New England Press. Acheson provides a detailed
case study of the Maine lobster fishery and argues that
it is a successfully managed fishery that can serve as
a model for sustainable fisheries management for policy
makers, politicians, and communities dealing with such
Buck, Susan J. 1998. The Global Commons: An Introduction. Washington,
D.C.: Island Press. This is a short book that explains how
governance regimes evolve for major areas of international
interest including Antarctica, oceans, atmospheres and outer
space. Theories from Elinor Ostrom and Oran Young are used
to explain the phenomena.
Cortner, Hanna J. and Margaret A. Moote. 1999. The
Politics of Ecosystem Management. Washington,
D.C.: Island Press. This book argues that ecosystem management
is primarily achieved through social and political change
within a democratic context. The authors want to build
on the American ideals of self-governance with innovations
that will improve the management of natural resources.
Though not based on marine examples, this book lays out
the same trends in management often found when dealing
with coastal lands and marine resources.
Felt, Lawrence and Barbara Neis, ed. 2000. Finding
Our Sea Legs: Linking Fishery People and Their Knowledge
with Science and Management. Newfoundland:
ISER Books. This book is a compilation of theoretical
discussions on the need to combine fishers’ knowledge
with traditional methods for stock assessment and management
some case studies for methods. It focuses primarily
on the North Atlantic.
Playfair, Susan R. 2003. Vanishing Species: Saving
the Fish, Sacrificing the Fishermen. Hanover:
University Press of New England. Playfair provides an account
of New England groundfishing since the Sustainable Fisheries
Act (SFA) was passed in 1996. The SFA resulted in the development
of regulations aimed at rebuilding groundfish stocks. Vanishing
Species tells the story of the ongoing debate among New
England fishermen and communities, federal regulators,
scientists, and environmentalists around the state of groundfish
stocks and corresponding management strategies. Playfair
interviewed a variety of stakeholders, including fishermen,
fisheries scientists, public officials, politicians, restaurant
managers, and environmentalists, which provide the reader
with insights into the perspectives of those personally
involved in groundfish sustainability issues.
Weber, Michael L. 2002. From Abundance to Scarcity:
A History of U.S. Marine Fisheries Policy. Weber
(formerly affiliated with the Center for Marine Conservation
and the National Marine Fisheries Service) describes the
historical development of the American government's fisheries
policy and institutions. The book covers the period from
the late nineteenth century to the present, focusing on
the post World War II period. Based on archival documents
and interviews with policymakers, From Abundance to Scarcity
traces the thinking, legislation, mandates, people, and
interests that have shaped the agencies and policies governing
fisheries in the United States.
Wilder, Robert Jay. 1998. Listening to the Sea:
The Politics of Improving Environmental Protection. Pittsburgh,
Pa: University of Pittsburgh Press. "The Past" (pp
1-106) gives a concise and readable history of the
basic framework for ocean governance (with a US bias).
bibliography provides a list of key books and articles
about ocean and coastal policy issues.
Brooks, L. Anathea and Stacey D. VanDeveer, Editors. 1997. Saving
the Seas: Values, Scientists, and International Governance. College
Park, Md.: Maryland Sea Grant. This is a compilation of
essays by leading experts on how to understand environmental
challenges in the sea and how to approach their resolution.
The scope is international and the themes touch on ethics,
religion, leadership, scientists, knowledge, sovereignty,
democracy, and others.
**Special thanks to Marc Hershman, Professor at the University
of Washington’s School of Marine Affairs (http://www.sma.washington.edu/ ),
for sharing a reading list from the SMA 500 course, from which
many of these books and summaries were drawn.